Propecia is a drug used for the treatment of male-pattern hair loss (androgenetic alopecia). It contain finasteride as the active ingredient.
How does it work?
The main secret of the drug is that it contains a large amount of testosterone, which is considered the most powerful harmonious androgen. Testosterone has a significant effect on the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. The active substance finasteride in a dosage of 1 mg solves the problem of baldness in men, stimulates the growth of new hair, and prevents hair loss. The first positive results can be seen after 6 months of treatment.
Propecia acts quickly and efficiently: hair begins to grow throughout the head, starting from the parietal part and ending with deep bald patches. Strong and healthy hair grows in place of weakened and fallen processes. In the process of regular use of tablets, the slow conversion of testosterone to a more active sub-stance occurs. It nourishes, activates and completely restores the external and internal state of the hair follicle. The drug does not affect the production of all enzymes but only temporarily stops their effect.
Indications for use
Propecia is prescribed for the treatment of men with male pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia) to enhance hair growth and prevent their further loss.
Dosage and administration
Take 1 tablet daily or as directed by a doctor. Do not crush or chew the tablet. If necessary, the medicine is taken with a small amount of water. The dosage is selected individually for each person, depending on the severity of the disease and general health, as well as the action of the drug. If you missed the planned dose of Propecia, you should not take a double dose, just wait for the next dose.
The course of therapy is long, it can take 1 year to 2 years.
It is recommended to take the drug at the same time. Dose adjustment for older men is not required.
In rare cases, Propecia caused the following adverse reactions:
- Rashes on the skin;
- Redness, itching and swelling of the epidermis;
- Pain in the abdomen;
- Nausea, vomiting;
If these phenomena occur, stop taking the drug and consult a doctor to eliminate the symptoms and prescribe a new remedy (sometimes it is enough to reduce the dosage to prevent unpleasant phenomena).
Propecia has the following contraindications for use:
- Individual intolerance to the active component, a tendency to an allergic reaction;
- Severe liver and kidney disease;
- Age under 18 years;
- Female gender, pregnancy and lactation.
If you have any chronic illnesses, it is recommended that you consult a doctor before using this drug. Remember that the remedy only helps to treat male pattern baldness caused by intense testosterone synthesis.
Interactions with other drugs
Finasteride pills can be taken in combination with other drugs. Studies have not shown drug-drug reactions with finasteride.
Interactions with foods and alcohol
Alcohol consumption is the main cause of hair loss. Alcohol is not excreted from the body for a long period of time, which means it contributes to vascular obstruction. Consequently, the patient’s blood flow to the head worsens.
To treat baldness successfully, it is recommended to completely abandon refuse alco-holic beverages. In the treatment of alopecia, it is recommended to adhere to proper nu-trition. The diet includes foods rich in calcium, iron, vitamins and minerals. The menu should include green vegetables, fruits, seaweed, dairy and legumes, gelatin products, sea fish, poultry and nuts. Refrain from eating fatty, spicy, salty, fried, or spicy foods. Refuse sweet pastries.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Propecia is not intended for use in women, including pregnant and breastfeeding women. Finasteride can cause abnormalities in the development of external genital organs in the male fetus. There is no data on the excretion of finasteride with breast milk. Small amounts of this substance were found in the semen of patients receiving finasteride at a dose of 5 mg / day. Although clinical data on the effect of finasteride on the male fetus are not available, women of childbearing age should avoid contact with the seminal fluid of men taking finasteride. Women of childbearing age and pregnant women should avoid contact with damaged finasteride tablets.
Studies have shown that taking finasteride at a dose of 400 mg and 800 mg over a long period of time does not cause side effects. Therefore, there are no ways to treat over-dose. Taking high doses does not enhance the effectiveness of the drug.
Before starting treatment with this drug, it is recommended to conduct a rectal examination and use other methods for diagnosing prostate cancer.
Doctors should instruct their patients to immediately report any changes in breast tissue, such as lumps, pain, gynecomastia, or discharge from the nipples.
The drug has no impact on the ability to drive vehicles and operate machinery.